Historiography II: Grand Debates on Issues of History of the Eastern Mediterranean
This mandatory MA historiography seminar addresses some of the key “Grand Debates” and recent transformations in the study of Mediterranean history. The first half of the course with offer an overview of the historiography of the Mediterranean from Braudel to his most recent critics and situate this historiography within the broader spectrum of contemporary scholarship and politics. The second half will focus on recent historiography of the late medieval/early modern to contemporary Mediterranean world, in particular on the issues revolving around “connected histories,” boundary-crossing, inter-faith relations, and empire. The class caters in particular to students focusing on Late Antique, Byzantine, Islamic, Ottoman and Modern Middle East studies. This class is also open to PhD and other MA students from other departments.
During the 11th week (21-23 March 2013), the workshop “Honor in Ottoman and Contemporary Mediterranean Societies: Controversies Continuities, and New Directions” will take place at CEU, and the students will have the chance to read the new work of leading scholars, read and comment on their work, and forge important bonds with leaders in Mediterranean and Ottoman/Middle Eastern Studies.
Week 1 (9 January 2013): Join Session - Historical Regions in Europe: Introductions and Cross-Connections:
Maciej Janowski, Constantin Iordachi, and Balázs Trencsényi, “Why Bother About Historical Regions? Debates Over Central Europe in Hungary, Poland and Romania,” East Central (2005)1-2, 5-58.
Wendy Bracewell and Alex Drace-Francis, South-Eastern Europe: History, Concepts, Boundaries. – Balkanologie, 3 (1999), no. 2, 47-66
Peregrine Horden and Nicholas Purcell. Introduction and Ch. 1 "A Geographical Expression," in The Corrupting Sea, 1-25. [pdf]
ForFor further reading:
Abulafia, David. 2005. “Mediterraneans.” In Re-thinking the Mediterranean, 64-93.
Traian Stoianovich. Balkan Worlds: The First and Last Europe. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharp, 1994.
Week 2 (16 January 2013): Historians of the Mediterranean
Horden and Purcell, Ch. 2 “A Historian’s Mediterranean,” in The Corrupting Sea, 26-49.
Braudel, Fernand. 1972. Ch. 2 ‘In the Heart of the Mediterranean: Seas and Coasts,” in The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. New York: Harper & Row. Vol. 1: 103-148.
Henri Pirenne 2001 , “The Expansion of Islam in the Mediterranean Basin,” Muhammad and Charlemagne. Mineola, NY: Dover, 147-185.
For presentation: Schlomo Dev Goitein—portrait of a Mediterranean historian
Goitein, S. D. 1960. “The Unity of the Mediterranean World in the "Middle" Middle Ages.” Studia Islamica 12: 29-42.
For further reading:
Goitein, S. D. (1967-1993). A Mediterranean Society. The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Los Angeles, Berkeley: University of California Press. 6 vols. (all volumes can be browsed through the ACLS Humanities E-Book, the database available through the CEU library website)
Paolo Squatriti. 2002. “Mohammed, the Early Medieval Mediterranean, and Charlemagne,” Early Medieval Europe 11/3: 263-279.
Purcell, Nicholas. 2003. "The Boundless Sea of Unlikeness? On Defining the Mediterranean." Mediterranean Historical Review 18 (2): 9-29.
Fusaro, Maria. 2010. “After Braudel: a Reassessment of Mediterranean History between the Northern Invasion and the Caravane Maritime.” In Trade and Cultural Exchange in the Early Modern Mediterranean, edited by Maria Fusaro, Colin Heywood, and Mohamed-Salah Omri. London, New York: I. B. Tauris Publishers, pp. 1-22.
Wasserstrom, Steven. 2007. “Apology for S. D. Goitein.” In A Faithful Sea. The Religious Cultures of the Mediterranean, 1200-1700. Oxford: Oneworld. 173-198.
Week 3 (23 January 2013): Mediterraneanisms and Anti-Mediterraneanisms
Steward, Frank C. 2004. “Honor and Shame.” In the International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, pp. 6904-6907.
Horden and Purcell. Ch. 7 “‘I also have a Moustache:’ Anthropology and Mediterranean Unity,” in The Corrupting Sea, 485-529.
Herzfeld, Michael. 1984. "The Horns of the Mediterraneanist Dilemma." American Ethnologist 11 (3): 439-54.
Pina-Cabral, João de. 1989. "The Mediterranean As a Category of Regional Comparison: A Critical View." Current Anthropology 30 (3): 399-406.
For further reading:
Péristiany, Jean G. Ed. 1965. Honour and Shame: The Values of Mediterranean Society. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Week 4 (30 January 2013): Neo-Mediterraneanisms—Reactions to The Corrupting Sea
Algazi, Gadi. 2005. "Diversity Rules." Mediterranean Historical Review 20 (2): 227-45.
Herzfeld, Michael. 2005. "Practical Mediterraneanism: Excuses for Everything, From Epistemology to Eating." In Rethinking the Mediterranean. Ed. William V. Harris. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 45-63.
Albera, Dionigi. 2006. "Anthropology of the Mediterranean: Between Crisis and Renewal." History and Anthropology 17 (2): 109-34.
Horden, Peregrine and Nicholas Purcell. 2006. "The Mediterranean and "the New Thalassology"." The American Historical Review 111 (3): 722-40.
For further reading:
Fentress, James and Elizabeth Fentress. 2001. "The Hole in the Doughnut." Past and Present 173: 203-19.
Fleet, Kate. 2002. "The Mediterranean." Journal of Early Modern history 6 (1): 63-72.
Shaw, Brent D. 2001. "Challenging Braudel: A New Vision of the Mediterranean." Journal of Roman Archaeology 14: 19-53.
Bromberger, Christian. 2006. "Towards an Anthropology of the Mediterranean." History and Anthropology 17 (2): 91-107.
Week 5 (6 February 2013): Visions and Divisions of the Mediterranean: North-South, East-West and Beyond
Horden and Purcell, Ch. 5 “Connectivity” in The Corrupting Sea, 123-172
Bowersock, G. W. 2007. “The East-West Orientation of Mediterranean Studies and the Meaning of North and South in Antiquity.” In Re-thinking the Mediterranean. 167-178.
Adnan Husain. 2007. “Introduction: Approaching Islam and the Religious Cultures of the Medieval and Early Modern Mediterranean.” In A Faithful Sea. 1-26.
For Further Reading:
Brummet, Palmira. 2007. “Visions of the Mediterranean: A Classification.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 37 (1): 9-55.
Week 6 (13 February 2013): Periodization, Frontiers, and “Peopling” in Mediterranean History
Hess, Andrew C. 1972. "The Battle of Lepanto and Its Place in Mediterranean History." Past and Present 57: 53-73.
Greene, Molly. 2002. "Beyond the Northern Invasion: The Mediterranean in the Seventeenth Century." Past & Present 174 (1): 42-71.
Choose one between the following:
Ze’evi, Dror. “Back to Napoleon? Thoughts on the Beginning of the Modern Era in the Middle East,” Mediterrranean Historical Review 19 (2004): 73-94.
Clancy-Smith, Julia A. 2012. Introduction and Ch. 2 “Detours: Migrations in a Mobile World,” in Mediterraneans: North Africa and Europe in the Age of Migration, c. 1800-1900 Berkeley: University of California, 1-21 and 64-100.
For further reading:
Hess, Andrew C. 1978. The Forgotten Frontier: A History of the Sixteenth Century Ibero-African Frontier. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Heywood, Colin. 2010. “The English in the Mediterranean, 1600-1630: A Post-Braudelian Perspective on the ‘Northern Invasion’.” In Trade and Cultural Exchange in the Early Modern Mediterranean, edited by Maria Fusaro, Colin Heywood, and Mohamed-Salah Omri. London, New York: I. B. Tauris Publishers, 23-44.
Greene, Molly. 2000. A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean. Princeton: Princeton University.
Week 7 (20 February 2012): Mediterranean Trade/Piracy and the Law of the Seas
Goldberg, Jessica. 2012. “Choosing and Enforcing Business Relationships in the Eleventh-Century Mediterranean: Reassessing the ‘Maghribi Traders,’” in Past and Present, Vol. 216, No. 1: 3-40.
Choose one between the following:
Molly Greene. 2010. Introduction and Ch. 3 “The Age of Piracy,” in Catholic Pirates and Greek Merchants—A Maritime History of the Mediterranean. Princeton: Princeton University, 1-14 and 78-109.
Julia Clancy-Smith. 2012. “Making a living in pre-colonial Tunisia: the sea, contraband and other illicit activities, c. 1830-81,” European Review of History, Vol. 19, No 1, 93-113.
For further reading:
Gürkan, Emrah Safa. 2010. “The Centre and the Frontier: Ottoman Cooperation with the North African corsairs in the Sixteenth Century.” Turkish Historical Review 1: 125-163.
Week 8 (27 February 2012): Joint Session: Empires
Sam White, Introduction, pp. 1-14 & Part II Introduction - "The Little Ice Age and Crisis," pp. 123-125 & Ch. 6 "The Great Drought," pp. 140-162 & Conclusion, pp. 298-300. in "The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Ottoman Empire" (Cambridge, 2012) Please read the relevant parts from [pdf]
Bushkovitch P. What Is Russia? Russian National Identity an the State, 1500 – 1917 // Culture, Nation, and Identity. The Ukrainian-Russian Encounter (1600-1945). Ed. by A. Kappeler, Z.E. Kohut, F.E. Sysyn, and M. von Hagen. Edmonton-Toronto: CIUS Press, 2003. P.144-161 [pdf]
Week 9 (6 March): Mountains and Islands of the Mediterranean
Choose only two readings:
John K. Campbell. 1964. Ch. 1 “Historical and Geographical Introduction,” Ch. 10 “The Values of Prestige,” in Honour, Family, and Patronage: A Study of Institutions and Moral Values in a Greek Mountain Community. Oxford: Oxford University, 1-18 and 263-320.
Wilson, Stephen. 1988. Ch.1 “Corsica in the nineteenth century” and Ch. “Conflict and its causes: inter-community conflict,” in Feuding, Conflict, and Banditry in Nineteenth-Century Corsica. Cambridge:, Cambridge University, 1-16 and 158-176.
McNeill, John R. 1992. Ch. 1 “The Argument: Ecology, Shells, and Skeletons” and Ch. 4 “Material Life in the Mountain Environment, 1700-1900,” in The Mountains of the Mediterranean World: An Environmental History. Cambridge: Cambridge University. 1-8 and 104-147.
For Further Readings
Horden and Purcell, Ch. 3 “Four Definite Places,” in The Corrupting Sea, 51-88.
Stoianovich, Traian. 1994. Balkan Worlds: The First and Last Europe. New York: M.E. Sharp.
Shaw, Brent. 1990. “Bandit Highlands and Lowland Peace: The Mountains of Isauria-Cilicia,” in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 33.3.
Week 10 (13 March 2013): Cities of the Mediterranean
Horden and Purcell, Ch. 4 “Ecology and the Larger Settlement,” in The Corrupting Sea, 89-122.
Katsiardi-Hering. 2011. “City-Ports in the Eastern and Central Mediterranean from the mid-sixteenth to the nineteenth century: urban and social aspects,” in Mediterranean Historical Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, 151-170.
Khuri-Makdisi, Ilham. 2010. Introduction and Ch. 3 “Theater and Radical Politics in Beirut, Cairo, and Alexandria, 1860-1914,” in The Eastern Mediterranean and the Making of Global Radicalism, 1860-1914. Berkeley: University of California, 1-14 and 60-94.
For Further Reading:
Mansel, Philip. 2012. “We are all Levantines Now,” Le Monde diplomatique
Eldem, Edhem. 1999. “French Trade and Commercial Policy in the Levant in the Eighteenth Century,” in Oriente Moderno, Anno 18 (79), No. 1, 27-47
Eldem, Edhem. 2009. “Epilogue: The Undesirables of Smyrna,” Mediterranean Historical Review, Vol 24, No 2, 223-227.
Week 11 (20 March 2013): Back to Honor, Gender, and the State:
Taylor, Scott. 2011. “Honor in the Early Modern Eastern Mediterranean – An Introduction,” in The Journal of Early Modern History, Vol. 15, No. 4, 301-310.
Abu-Lughod, Lila. 1993. Ch. 5 “Honor and Shame,” in Writing Women’s World: Bedouin Stories. Berkeley: University of California, 205-243
Peirce, Leslie. 2011. “Abduction with (Dis)honor: Sovereigns, Brigands, and Heroes in the Ottoman World,” in The Journal of Early Modern History,Vol. 15, No. 4, 311-331.
Eric Dursteler. 2011. “’Convenient to the Piety of Our Signoria and to the Honor of the Lord God:’ Gender and Institutional Honor on the Early Modern Dalmatian Frontier,” in The Journal of Early Modern History, Vol. 15, No. 4, 367-384.
21-23 March 2013: International Workshop at CEU – “Honor in Ottoman and Contemporary Mediterranean Societies: Controversies, Continuities, and New Directions:”
Students are encouraged to attend the workshop sessions and related events.
Week 12 (27 March2013): Joint Session: After-Empire
Maria Todorova, Introduction “Balkanism and Orientalism: Are They Different Categories” and Ch. 7 “The Balkans: Realia – Qu’est-ce qu’il y a de hors-texte?” in Imagining the Balkans. Oxford, 3-20 and 161-184. [pdf]
Mironov B. Peasant popular culture and the origins of Soviet Autoritarianism// Cultures in Flux. Lower Class Values, Practices and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia. Ed. by St. P. Frank and M.D. Steinberg. Princeton Univ. Press, 1994. P. 54-73 [pdf]
Mikhail, Alan and Christine Philliou. "The Ottoman Empire and the Imperial Turn," in Comparative Studies in Society and History, 54 (4) (2012): 721-745. [pdf]
Tony Judt Postwar History of Europe since 1945, pp. 1-10, 749-777. [pdf]
Katherine Verdery, What was socialism, and what comes next? / Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1996), 19-38.
v Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean (published by the Society for the Medieval Mediterranean): http://www.informaworld.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/smpp/title~cont...
v Cahiers de la Méditerranée (published by the Centre de la Méditerranée Moderne et Contemporaine, University of Nice, France): http://revel.unice.fr/cmedi/
v Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (Duke UP): http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/comparative_studies_of_south_asia_africa_an...
v Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology: http://www.equinoxjournals.com/ojs/index.php/JMA
v Journal of Mediterranean Studies: History, Culture and Society in the Mediterranean World (Biannual, published in Malta): http://home.um.edu.mt/medinst/jms/
v Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient (Brill): http://www.brill.nl/default.aspx?partid=10&pid=7324
v Mediterranea. Ricerche storiche (published by the University of Palermo): http://www.storiamediterranea.it/darts_md1_home.php
v Mediterranean Archaeology: http://www.arts.usyd.edu.au/publications/meditarch/
v Mediterranean Historical Review (Tel Aviv University/Routledge, London): http://www.tau.ac.il/humanities/cmc/mhr/mhr.html
v Mediterranean Quarterly: A Journal of Global Issues (published by Mediterranean Affairs Inc., Washington DC): http://www.mediterraneanquarterly.com/
v Mediterranean Studies (Journal of the Association for Mediterranean Studies, Massachusetts): http://www.mediterraneanstudies.org/ms/medstud.html
v Revue de l'Occident Musulman et de la Méditerranée (published biannually by the Maison méditerranéenne des sciences de l’homme, Aix-en-Provence)
v Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée: http://remmm.revues.org/
v Confluences Méditerranée: http://www.confluences-mediterranee.com/v2/